a damning u.n. report listing multitude of horrendous human rights violations in the conflict in sudan welcome. i'm peter dobbie. you're watching al jazeera live. also ahead on this program, five years on, a moment of silence to remember the japanese earthquake and tsunami that killed more than 18,000 people. a fall from grace. brazilian prosecutors call for the arrest of the former president after he is charged with money laundering.
plus. >> reporter: i'm in afghanistan. we will tell you why this man making the city's most famous blue glass is thrilled sanctions on iran have been lifted a new u.n. report is cataloguing what it describes as a "multitude of horrendous human rights violation", in south sudan in 2013. it targets both sides for killing raping and pillaging. women were allowed to rape women in lieu the wages. a unit government peace accord is yet to be established. this report hardly pulling any pumpinges. what's your reading of it? >> reporter:-- punches
>> reporter: it is a shocking and damning report release from the here. this is the report. i see so many of these human rights reports. i don't think in the three years i've done this job i've ever seen one as shocking as this. the detail in this, it describes the detail coming from victims of attacks by both the opposition and the government, but it certainly details more abuses by the government side, says there is a scorched earth policy of deliberate targeting of civil i can't bes, killing, mutilation, disabled peel being burnt alive. it says rape being used as a
weapon of war and an instrument of terror and those shocking figures, between april and september of last year, in just one state in south sudan, unity state, 130 rapes reported. the suggestion that militia aligned to the government are not being paid, instead in lieu they're being allowed to carry out these rapes. i can tell you already the high commissioner for human rights describes this one of the most horrendous human rights situations in the world what are the potential consequences when this goes to the u.n. in new york? >> reporter: the report will be going to new york today in seven hours time. the error's author will be having a conference in new york near the u.n. security council. many will be hoping that the u.n. security council takes note of this report. they met only last wreek to discuss south sudan. they agreed a temporary
sanctions, but they're coming back to that in psychiatrics weeks because of disagreement around at table. there are some that want an arms embargo who have been opposing that. that might all change by the damning detail in this report thanks very much. to juba and our correspondent. how will this report be perceived where you are? >> reporter: the government here admits that things like these might have happened. they're in denial that this is a definite policy. they say people from their armed forces may have done this individually but they have not directed anyone to actually go out and rape women or kill children or dismemorandum ber them. -- dismember them.
this could have accuracy, but they think the numbers are too high is the government at the moment doing anything to make sure this kind of thing doesn't happen or can never happen again? >> reporter: unfortunately, no. they say that they are investigating crimes that have been reported, but nobody has been held accountable so far. south sudan's accountability is low, but nobody has been immediately accountable, nothing is being done to make sure that it doesn't happen again and nothing has been ensured that these victims are being welcome pen sated. - drn well compensated japan is marking the fifth anniversary of the earthquake
that killed more than 12,000 people. in tokyo a minute' silence was held at the precise moment the quake hit, starting a chain reaction of death and destruction. the tsunami also caused one of the world's nuclear accidents when it took out the power supply at the fukushima plant. there was a meltdown. the prime minister has thanked the world for its response during the disaster. >> translation: while japan would like to continue informing people around the world about the lesson we learnt from the disaster and how we are recovering in the affected areas, we would like to bolster international cooperation in the field of national disaster prevention by sharing as much as possible of our expertise and technology so what exactly happened on this day five years ago? the magnitude 9 krak struck at 2.46 in the afternoon off the north-eastern coast. you can see it there in relation to the capital city. it lasted just six minutes.
it set-off a tsunami that crested as high as 40 metres. almost 18,50 people died. two and a half thousand of them have never been found. three melbourne downs at the fukushima nuclear plant produced 366 tonne of debris, also 700,000 tons of radio active water, 3400 tons of newly contaminated water is added every day as a consequence of the clean up operation. it produced 20 million tons of debris overall. a report from our correspondent >> reporter: this was build nearly a hundred years ago to s see the outview to sea. this was packed with houses. they were simply swept away when the wave came through here. at its height it was two metres above even this piece of high
ground. in the five years since there has been an immense amount of work mere as there has been up and down the coast. you can see the huge piles of earth over there where they're trying to raise the ground where they're building again which will be raised which will be future protection and larger sea walls to be put in place. this is happening up and down the coast. it is an enormous task, the prime minister saying another five years of revitalized reconstruction still await. 174,000 people remain unable to return to their homes. 100,000 of those in fukushima area were large areas are still in exclusion zone around the nuclear power station which is still undergoing all sorts of trouble. here on this mound as well is a shrine where people have been coming throughout the day to pay their respects to the dead. it is here where many gathered at access 2.46, the moment that the earthquake struck.
the tsunami sirens surrounded around this area echoing out as people remembered what happened five years ago. 950 died here. 41 of those are still missing. there has been an effort to try and find missing bodies, even now five years on, in all sorts of places along this coastline. it is a very important thing for those still grieving, still in the mourning process all these years later there were no insults and generally everyone behaved themselves in the latest republican debate. donald trump left the stage politically undamaged despite marco rubio was seen to have the home advantage. donald trump was pressed on his rhetoric on islam. >> reporter: in was the at the timest debate so far and brought more light to the positions held by the candidates. donald trump was asked to address his comments claim agoise ram hates the u.s. >> there are large portions of a group of people, large portions
want to use very, very hash means >> reporter: on bringing peace to the middle east, john kasich doubted there could ever be a deechlt >> i don't believe there is any long-term permanent peace agreement. >> reporter: this was not as bat tempered as bad debates >> so far i cannot believe how civil it has been up here. >> reporter: donald trump refused to responds on a number of attacks. ted cruz critical sized him >> how does it help you to say i'm going to put a 45% tax on nappies, on automobiles, on clothing when you buy clothing. that hurts you. it is why we've got to get beyond rhetoric of china bad and actually get to how do you solve the problem. >> reporter: this debate was in miami with its big cuban american population and marco rubio whose family came to cuba
made that count with this answer on improving relations with the u.s. >> it will require cuba to change its government. today it has not. the fact of the matter is that after these changes were made there are now millions of hundreds of millions dollars that will flow to the regime >> reporter: this covered many issues important to american voters. they have been able to look at the personalities of the candidates. now they may have a better idea of their policies prosecutors in brazil calling for the arrest of the former president. charges include money laundering and identity fraud for concealing ownership of a beach front apartment. the investigation threat yeps to tarynish the legacy of what was once the most powerful politician there. 6,000 cases of microcephaly has been reported. it has been linked to the zika virus. so far a direct link has been established in only 70 infants.
the health ministry says at least 4,000 cases are still being investigated 14 new case of the zika virus have been confirmed in bolivia. the ministry there saying they cop contracted it through mosquito invites. cities have been targeted for fumigation to reduce chances of a further outbreak. still to come >> there are some things we will never agree on. whose beer is better, who is better at hockey good natured banter showing the warming of relations between the u.s. and canada. the new movie about korean sex slaves reignore nights anger against japan. -- reignites anger against japan.
>> let's take a closer look. hello again. top stories for you here on al jazeera. a new u.n. report has lifted what it describes as a "multitude of horrendous human rights violations", during the criticism awar in south sudan which began in 2013. japan is marking the fifth an ver rees of the earthquake and tsunami that killed 16,000 people. the u.s. republican presidential hopeful donald trump was grilled over his comments on islam
the canadian prime minister and u.s. president demonstrated the warming of relations between their two countries in a state dinner in washington. justin trudeaux referred to the two countries as siblings. >> reporter: it has been nearly 20 years since the leader of america $northern neighbor last received the represented carpet treatment at the white house. justin drew dough riding a wave-- trudeaux riding a way of popularity. the leaders engaged in friendly banter over the relationship between two countries that share the world's longest undefended border. >> there are some things we will probably never agree on. whose beer is better, who is better at hockey.
relations between the neighbors have had many ups and downs. justin's father also visited the white house as canada's prime minister in the 70s and early 80s. his u.s. opposite former president richard nixon once belittled him as a pompous egg head. the younger trudeaux is set to return a relationship after the pipeline issue. canada and the u.s. have agreed to work together in implementing the paris agreement to curb greenhouse gassed >> we will take ambitious action to reduce methane emissions by half from the oil and gas sector, reduce use and emissions of hydro fluoro carbons and implement aligned emission standards for heavy duty vehicles amongst other plans to fight climate change >> reporter: it is not often a
canadian prime minister gets this much attention in the u.s. shirtless pictures have helped win over followers, but for some he offers more, a role model for international leadership >> i'm following his sprakss and offers to the syrian refugees and it is inspiring especially since everything that is happening here and politicians not wanting to let in the refugees. >> reporter: obama due to loef the white house in phenomenon months. trudeaux can only hope the relationship holds up. with the question of a possible donald trump as president, he chose a diplomatic dodge israeli forces have raided the office of a palestinian media company near romala. the director of the company was arrested. three employees were detained but later released.
it is part of new measures against palestinian media outlets accused of provoking recent attacks tens of thousands of palestinian teachers have been on a strike for a month now. they're pushing for better conditions that they were promised a ten years ago >> reporter: this man is a father of seven. for at least 20 years he has been a taxi driver, but it is not his chosen profession. because he is actually a physical education teacher in the palestinian state education system. he says the days when he could get buy on his salary alone are long gone. >> translation: prices keep rising but my salary stayed the same. i've been teaching for 31 years now and my basic salary is still just $600. i've put all my children through university but with due petition, transport, books and other expenses, it has been very, very hard.
>> reporter: right now like thousands of others he is on strike turning up at school but not teaching. they say it is their only way of securing a pay rise, structured promotions, new elections for a teachers union. >> reporter: his example of having to do two jobs is far from unusual. many teachers complain they're treated worse than other employees of the palestinian authority and in recent weeks we've mounted a challenge to the government that few people here saw coming. several protests have gone ahead despite security forces trying to stop the teachers. the government threat tnd punitive measures because the walk out is not established by the union. >> the methods that the teachers resorted to are totally legal civilised peaceful, just asking for a response to their demands.
while the government at every single step were behaving in violation of the law, our constitution. >> reporter: the teacher suggests the government has forced them to go on strike. what happens could have repercussions for the whole of palestinian society hundreds of people in bangladesh are marching to the forcest on the second day of protests. >> reporter:-- forests. >> reporter: they oppose two fire-coal powder power stations which they say will destroy a fragile ecology. our correspondent is with the protesters in the south-west of blesh. >> reporter: hundreds of people on thursday started a move to the largest man grow forest in
the world. their hope is to stop two power plants being built adjacent to the forest. they have stopped in various villages and town and together the support yeers, hundreds of people have joined them to show their solidarity and support for the move. many of them will join the organisers in their move. the government hardly seems persuaded. they're adamant to go ahead with this power plant. international, local advisers say it will have a disastrous consequence a spirit leader has been dragged to a green court for environmental damage in india.
massive structures have been erected on a river bed. more at the event as it kicks off in new delhi. >> reporter: this is the site of the massive three-day world cultural festival spread across a thousand acres or four scare kilometers and many have thousand an a thousand performers and expected to attract more than 3.5 million people. an environmental assessment has shown that the construction to build all of this has damaged the flood planes meant to soak up water as well as the ecosystems near the river bed. the art of living foundation which is organising this whole area says all of this here is temporary and that no permanent damage has been done. the green tribunal says the organisers will have to pay for the full restoration of the area
which could cost tens of millions of dollars. environmentalists say that restoring the fulliological cannot happen because the damage here has been done businesses and shopkeepers across afghanistan are welcoming the lifting of economic sanctions against their neighbor iran. it could expand their influence across the region. a report from herat in western afghanistan. >> reporter: a molten blob of glass, puffs of air and masterful stroiks of sculpting and the finished product. this is how he, one of the oldest expert glass makers of afghanistan, crafts the famous blue glass. he has done it for 50 years, but rarely has he been more
optimistic about his business thanks to the recent lifting of economic sanctions against neighboring iran. >> reporter: we were very happy. we are always happy when things improve in iran. he is among traders here who say sanctions against iran damaged the economy in herat. afghanistan's western trade hub that has long held cultural links to its neighbor and heavily on products either imported through or made in iran. it is amazing when you walk around here how many products you find that are made in iran. look at this. laundry detergent, a dish washing liquid, hand soap, glass cleaner, hard candy, chock lately, all of it made in iran. even iranian music fills the streets here. >> translation: it was hard imparting goods was hard.
many items were smuggled. now it is easier to get products. >> translation: when iran was under sanction, it impacted the economy in a negative way >> reporter: this man from herat's chamber of commerce says the lifting of sanctions means more imported products brought legally, using money safely transferred through banks. >> translation: when merchants can use the service of banks, the price for the product goes down and it means consumer pay less for the prungts with higher quality. >> reporter: traders here are eager to use iran as a point to export famous marble, dried fruit, spices. and this blue glass potentially a badly needed boost for herat and afghanistan's struggling economy a controversial korean movie
14 years in the making is to hit screens in the u.s. it deals with comfort women, sex slaves kept in world war ii. it has re-ignited anger against japan. >> reporter: spirits home coming is inspired by the true story of one surviving comfort woman forced into sdpl slavery when she was 16 years old. the movie's preview in seoul was attended by some of the few comfort women still alive. the box office success is all the more remarkable because of the long struggle to complete the film. 14 years in the making, the director managed to raise the remaining budget through online crowd funding of thousands of individual donations. >> translation: i think the movie was made thanks to the will of the people to get to know the grand mothers, the plot
of the move is important but above all it's the fact that it was directly funded and produced by the people themselves. >> reporter: outside the japanese embassy a protest by supporters of korean comfort women is a weekly event. >> reporter: possibly the movie's success should not have come as a surprise in a country where the issue of the comfort women is still felt so deeply. that's despite an aaccord signed last december between japan and south korea that was meant to resolve the matter once and for all. under the deal japan apologised and set up a fund of nearly 10 million dollars to help the surviving women. that has left many protesters even more enraged >> translation: japan did not admit war crimes and says the offer of compensation is not legal reparation. it means japan does not accept legal responsibilities. we demand the agreement be
nullified >> reporter: it is estimated as many as 20,000 korean women may have been forced to work in japan's wartime brothels. many koreans are still angry at what they see as japan's refusal to accept responsibility for the suffering. this movie is fuelling that anger. >> translation: i want god to make japan pay for their atrocities. i feel the suffering of the victims. >> translation: i hope many more people watch this movie so they will understand. >> reporter: clearly a painful experience, but the box office figures show who how around 3 million koreans have felt the need to go through it the lever pool manager says his team put in a perfect performance in the first leg of their tie with their opponents. it was the first ever meeting of the fierce english rivals in european competition. liverpool's coming from this
player. the second leg of the 16th leg tie is coming up next thursday. more news on sport at aljazeera.com. lots more on our top story there, refugees battling hunger and rain as they are refused from entry into europe. the headlines are next. working in american mills, mines and factories. the us rooted out child labor practices 75 years ago. but today, us agriculture remains a stronghold for child labor. >> i know most kids come out here to help their parents out, get the money to pay the bills. >> it's just another day on the >>elds of america.